The only way to protect yourself from scams is to be properly informed. A pyramid scheme is defined as:
This process is supposed to continue indefinitely such that everyone makes their money back, plus what they were promised. The problem, and thus the reason why this is a fraud, is that this can’t happen. There are not enough people in the world to make this possible.
People are deceived into thinking that they can make their money back plus additional money. Again the fraud lies in the fact that the cycle of recruiting cannot sustain itself. Eventually, the scheme crumbles and fails. The most vulnerable people are those closest to the bottom of the pyramid. To illustrate who this point we shall turn to simple math.
Pyramid Scheme Math
To understand how a pyramid scheme can’t work and why they will always fail, we will turn to math. The image below shows a simple pyramid based on the power of 10. For our example of a pyramid scheme, we will use the same power of 10, but in the terms that a potential recruit may hear it as, you pay $100 when you get started, then all you simply have to do is recruit 10 more people who each pay $100. You will then get your $100 back, plus you will make $900. Simple and easy right?
Let’s look at the math to see if it works.
Starting with the individual at the top, they have put no money in. They go an recruit 10 people who each pay $100. Those 10 people are then required to each personally recruit 10 people each bringing us to Level 3. This process could theoretically continue until somewhere between Level 10 and 11. With the world’s population being just under 7 billion people you can see that the pyramid scheme would fail as there are just not enough people to recruit.
Pyramid Scheme Disguised
This is the pyramid scheme at it’s simplest form. In most countries around the world, pyramid schemes are illegal. To get around this the criminals disguise their pyramid schemes in other manners. They can come across as gift-giving or forms of loans. Be alert to always look for what value, other than the money a recruit will receive for joining. If the only reward is money, there is a problem.
The product must give an individual a reason to purchase and use the product. Be sure to understand what the value of the product is as well. If the only value that is given by the product is that allows for more recruits, this too is a pyramid scheme in disguise.
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