Xanthones the Active Ingredient in Mangosteen
Mangosteen contains xanthones-alpha mangostin, beta-mangostin, gamma-mangostin, garcinone B, and garcinone E, along with mangostinone, tannins, and an important bioflavonoid call epicatechin. Epicatechin improves dilation of blood vessels, circulation, and blood flow, and for this reason has been used to support heart health.
Importance of Mangosteen Xanthones
The rind of partially ripe fruits contains a polyhydroxy-xanthone derivative termed mangostin, or beta-mangostin. The ring of fully ripe fruits contains the xanthones. Mangosteen pulp also contains vitamins and minerals, including calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Xanthones, whose basic molecular structure is shown here, are colorless, crystalline compounds that occur naturally in various organic compounds. Xanthones have been derived from salicyliate and used in the manufacturing of some yellow dyes and insecticides. The xanthones that occur in nature, such as those derived from the mangosteen, are extracted from the rind, or the pericarp. Xanthones are considered to have antioxidant properties that help to protect the body from the harm associated with free radicals.
Tannins are astringent, complex aromatic compounds found in the vacuoles (fluid-filled bubbles inside the cell) of certain plant cells. They are present in bark, leaves, and unripe fruit. Tannins produce a sensation as opposed to a taste or smell. The sensation is sometimes compared to over-steeped tea-it leaves your mouth feeling dry, with a slightly bitter taste, depending on how it hits the back of your tongue, where you taste bitterness. Tannins are responsible for the astringent flavour of unripe fruit and many red wines.
Tannins are naturally occurring plant polyphenols that bind and precipitate proteins. Some are glucosides, glycosides derived from glucose that are common in plants and rare in animals. These glucosides are thought to confer protection to the plant or to contribute to pigment formation, since they are orange, yellow, and amber. They are strongly astringent and are used in tanning and dyeing. In fruit, tannins slow oxidation and act as natural preservatives. In medicine, tannins are used in antidiarrheal, hemostatic (agents to stop bleeding), and anti-hemorrhoidal compounds.
Mangosteen is a powerful fruit that can help you in so many ways! It however is not the only super fruit that the Earth has provided us. There are others. Others like Acai, Goji, Gac, Lychee and Pomegranate. Why get the benefits of just one fruit when you can have them all? Get them all in TriFusion Max.
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- Goji Berry Information
- Health Benefits of Mangosteen
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- Lychee Fruit Information
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- Phytonutrient Disease Prevention
- Pomegranate Information
- Xanthone Health Benefits
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